Agreement Signed Nov. 9, 2005
Population 50,000
Mayor Shalom Ben Moshe
Language Hebrew, Arabic
Currency New Israeli Shekels
Timezone UTC+2


Rosh Ha’ayin (translated as Fountainhead) is located in the central region of Israel, next to the ancient fortress of Antipatris. It has become a dominant industrial town in Israel with a focus in communication sectors.

In November of 2005, Birmingham became the first city to have a joint signing with an Arab and an Israeli city. Birmingham and Rosh Ha’ayin signed a Sister City agreement that formalized the longtime relationship between the cities.

In July 2017, a youth group from Phillips Academy visited Israel and Jordan, and a youth group from Rosh Ha’Ayin as well as a group from Vinnytsia, Ukraine participated in the Jewish Community Center Maccabi Games here in Birmingham.

Locale Information

Rosh Ha'ayin is a city located in the Central District of Israel, approximately 20 kilometers east of Tel Aviv, the country's largest city. It is situated in the Sharon Plain region and has a population of approximately 50,000 people.

Rosh Ha'ayin is an important commercial and industrial center in Israel, with a focus on high-tech industries, pharmaceuticals, and construction materials. The city is home to many businesses and factories, as well as several shopping centers and retail areas.

Rosh Ha'ayin is also known for its cultural and historical landmarks, including the Migdal Afek National Park and the Rosh Ha'ayin Museum, which showcases the history of the city and its surrounding area.


The main driver of the economy in Rosh Ha’ayin, Israel is the manufacturing industry. The city is home to many factories and industrial parks that produce a wide range of products, including electronics, plastics, and metal products.

Additionally, Rosh Ha’ayin is a hub for logistics and transportation, with many companies operating warehouses and distribution centers in the area. The city also has a growing service sector, including retail, healthcare, and education.

Fun Facts

  • Tourist Places

    Jerusalem (includes Temple Mount, al-Aqsa Mosque, Holy Sepulcher Church, Mount of Olives); Bethlehem; Timna Park; Sea of Galilee; Masada; Dead Sea; Haifa & Mount Carmel

  • Climate

    Temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

  • Sports

    Soccer, Basketball

  • Local Meal

    Falafel — deep-fried balls or patties of mashed chickpea most often served with tahina/tahini (a paste made from ground sesame seeds), hummus, vegetable salad, or other sides